The five greatest painters of India have all helped shape the development of art and culture within the country, bringing worldwide attention through a unique blend of painting styles. In this comprehensive exploration, discover how the works of these artists have stood the test of time and continue to influence modern-day painters and art enthusiasts.
Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma, born in 1848, was the best-known of the five great painters of India. He was particularly well-experienced in popularizing traditional Indian art by blending western techniques into his artwork. His paintings have been so influential that many modern-day recreations have been designed. It could be said that Raja Ravi Varma was probably the first painter to truly bring out the genuine beauty and feelings of Indian culture in his widely admired artwork.
His paintings often depicted scenes from Hindu mythology, like the Ramayana and Mahabharata, and scenes from Indian culture. He received much recognition for his work in India and abroad. Western art historians and painters have greatly praised his works. He won many awards and honors at home and in foreign countries throughout his career. Raja Ravi Varma’s legacy continues to be celebrated throughout India today, with his images used on stamps and coins and even featured on some government offices’ walls.
Rabindranath Tagore was a multitalented polymath and one of the key figures in redefining Indian culture. As an author, he wrote several stories and novels well received by many. He incorporated free-form elements from the world around him through his artwork to bring an original style to the Indian art world. His legacy continues to be remembered today as his works are now seen as an example for modern-day painters.
Tagore completed more than 5,000 artworks during his lifetime, and his works have been on display worldwide. His mastery of watercolor paintings was renowned for their lively use of color and the brushwork’s joyous nature. In addition to that, he also experimented with a unique form of cubism which blended in elements from Indian forms of portraiture and abstracted Indian motifs. Tagore’s works are still some of the most beloved examples of Indian painting today.
Jamini Roy was an eminent painter who influenced the Bengal School of Art. While studying at the Government College of Arts and Crafts in Kolkata, Jamini Roy started exploring folk art from rural India, which he combined with western material to create a unique style. He was known for using bright colors, minimalistic brush strokes, and geometric shapes to portray everyday life in an enchanting manner. His artworks depicting scenes from rural Bengal are now some of the most recognized works from India.
Amrita Sher-Gil was one of the 20th century’s most revered painters. She was born in Hungary to an Indian father and a Hungarian mother, and her work reflected influences from both cultures. While in India, she predominantly painted portraits which were sometimes influenced by the Bengal School of Art, particularly the forms developed by Jamini Roy. However, she often used stiffer lines and presented a more realistic representation of her subjects – something new to the art world at the time. Her use of modern European techniques, such as cubism, gave her work a unique flavor that has rarely been replicated since.
‘MF Husain’ was an Indian artist credited with helping develop Modern Indian Art. He has been called the “Picasso of India,” and his works range from cubist portraits to abstract expressionist pieces. His visit to Europe in 1950 exposed him to modern art trends and encouraged him to create art on canvas, which involved almost abstract figures. He incorporated many bright colors within his expressionistic paintings and drew inspiration from everyday scenes like folk dances, bullock cart races, and female models. This helped establish him as one of the most influential painters of India’s post-independence era. He ushered India’s painting scene into the 20th century with a unique voice that remains unparalleled today.
Make your Home beautiful with our best-curated art pieces. Visit Lagoree.com to choose art prints for your Home. Choose from various posters, art prints, canvas prints, and wall frames.